2009 Investigating the continuity of sex offending evidence from the second Philadelphia birth cohort

Using information from the second Philadelphia birth cohort, it aimed to investigate the evolution of sexual offenders and sexual offences. Additionally, the relationship between juvenile and adult sex offences was explored, as well as the influence of juvenile sex offences on adult offences. The overall pattern seen was that juveniles who had sexually motivated police interactions had a high amount of non-sex contacts, a low prevalence of sexual recidivism, and a lesser propensity to continue their sexually inappropriate behavior into adulthood.

2007 Social relationship in sexual offenders

In this paper the importance of relationship for understanding sexual offenders is discussed. Studies of social competence in sex offender populations are also reviewed. It was further concluded that while social skills deficiencies are not common in all sex offenders, they are probably significant in some instances. Where social competence deficits do exist, they frequently manifest as deficits in social cognition. Many sexual offenders have a lot of trouble starting and keeping long-term personal relationships. Lack of empathy and incorrect, culturally imposed sexual relationship standards are likely significant factors in these issues. A move from the study of social skills to social relationships is noted and this is perceived as an important development.

2007 Neuropsychological deficit in sexual offenders, implication for treatment

This paper provides a brief overview of the growing body of evidence that a proportion of adult sexual offenders present with some localized form of brain pathology, often left temporal lobe, that may, in part, explain the presence of gender dysphonia and the attraction to deviant behavior patterns in sexually anomalous men who prefer child surrogate partners or unsuspecting women.

Re-offending rates for sex offenders

It discussed the reoffending statistics of sex offenders and the prospect that every five years they stay crime-free in society, their probability of reoffending could decrease by half. Hanson claims that this is a result of physical ageing, including factors like declining testosterone levels, professional achievement, a loving intimate partner, decent friends, and few others. As a result, if the risk is 20% when someone leaves prison and they survive for 5 years, it is 10% risk; if they survive for 10 years, it is 5% risk. (Re-assuring risk 2007: Karl Hanson).

Supporting children and families affected by a family member’s offending – A Practitioner’s Guide. Lindsay Sutherland and Polly Wright.

© Barnardo’s, 2017

A practical informative guide for practitioners working with children and families affected by a family member’s offending. The stages of the criminal justice system are outlined with common questions which may be asked during this process and how to address these. It is practical in approach e.g regarding contact and visits to a parent in prison. It aims to provide an insight into the particular importance of children’s rights, and to understand the impact of offending on children and their families. Incorporating the needs of offenders’ children and families into professional assessments and support plans is covered.


Online Debate 5: Developing a worldly understanding of sexual offenders and their management 2014-2016.

A debate funded by the Leverhulme trus tand run by the Internet Watch Foundation regarding  the increasing importance of cyberspace in sexual offending, in particular in relation to online child sexual abuse and online child sexual exploitation.

Weidman AC, Sowden WJ, BergMK , Kross E. (2020) Punish or Protect? How Close Relationships Shape Responses to Moral Violations.

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 46(5): 693–708.

Abstract: People have fundamental tendencies to punish immoral actors and treat close others altruistically. What happens when these tendencies collide—do people punish or protect close others who behave immorally? Across 10 studies (N = 2,847), we show that people consistently anticipate protecting close others who commit moral infractions, particularly highly severe acts of theft and sexual harassment. This tendency emerged regardless of gender, political orientation, moral foundations, and disgust sensitivity and was driven by concerns about self-interest, loyalty, and harm. We further find that people justify this tendency by planning to discipline close others on their own. We also identify a psychological mechanism that mitigates the tendency to protect close others who have committed severe (but not mild) moral infractions: self-distancing. These findings highlight the role that relational closeness plays in shaping people’s responses to moral violations, underscoring the need to consider relational closeness in future moral psychology work.


Understanding and Addressing Adult Sexual Attraction to Children. A Study of Paedophiles in Contemporary Society. Sarah D. Goode.

Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon.

This book draws together a wealth of material from many different areas to form a picture of what adult sexual attraction to children means within the context of our culture and our understandings of sexuality. Information widely available in libraries or on the Internet account is covered along with online offending. The majority of the text however, is about the findings from the author’s original research between 2006 and 2008 which explores the everyday experiences and views of ‘minor-attracted adults’ (MAAs) themselves. This includes fantasies and what respondents found most attractive, with the distinction between fantasy and reality appearing to be recognised by most. Interactions with others within and outside the online paedophile community are examined. The provision and form of support is reported and findings suggest that those who have no support outside the paedophile community are more likely to agree with sexual contact with children, while those who have support available from non-paedophiles are more likely to hold ‘non-contact’ views. That support may not be with approval but with acceptance.

Issues which stop adults preventing child abuse and initiatives in addressing adult sexual attraction to children e.g Stop It Now are covered. Finally, keeping children safe with guidance is given.

The whole intention of this book has been to enable us, as a society, to understand that adult sexual attraction to children does exist and that the best way to address it is through awareness, empathy and clear boundaries, by accepting that the way to protect children is to allow us all to talk openly about our feelings, no matter what they are, while holding ourselves responsible for our actions, no matter what they are”.


The Paraphilias – Changing Suits in the Education of Sexual interest Paradigms. J Paul Fedoroff.

Oxford University Press. 2019.

This book examines current and past perspectives concerning unconventional sexual interests. Extensively referenced, it challenges the dogma that sexual interests are immutably determined during a single critical period and are thereafter unchangeable. It is written for mental health clinicians and specialists in the fields of sexology, forensic psychology, and psychiatry, but is also of interest to anyone whose lives have been affected by a paraphilia.