Child Sexual Abuse: Guidelines on Prosecuting Cases of Child Sexual Abuse.

These guidelines are designed to set out the approach that prosecutors should take when dealing with child sexual abuse cases or all types. The decision to involve the CPS at an early stage is a matter for the police but experience has shown that early CPS involvement can help address some of the evidential or presentational issues that may arise at a later stage of a case. As well as considering the circumstances of child sexual abuse, supporting victims and witnesses, counselling and therapy are included. The credibility of the victim is considered and typical signs of those who are vulnerable to child sexual exploitation, or who have been abused are listed. Issues around sexting are given. The conduct of the trial is outlined.

https://www.cps.gov.uk/legal-guidance/child-sexual-abuse-guidelines-prosecuting-cases-child-sexual-abuse

Sentencing Council Definitive Guideline.

These guidelines apply in England and Wales.

They cover guidelines for the Magistrates Court and for the Crown Court. In the former you can search ‘Sexual Offences’ to obtain a list of such offences. For the Crown Court, the type of offence ‘Sexual Offences’ can be selected from the drop down list. Scroll down the list to find the offence title, click on that for further information.

Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA)

MAPPA is the body which brings together police, probation, prison services and other relevant agencies (such as health and housing) to ensure successful management of violent and sexual offenders in the community.

Detailed information about how MAPPA works can be found at: https://mappa.justice.gov.uk/connect.ti/MAPPA/groupHome

Guidance for the professionals (which is also on the MAPPA site above): https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/multi-agency-public-protection-arrangements-mappa–2

Internet Watch Foundation

https://www.iwf.org.uk/

This body work internationally to make the internet a safer place. They invite the public to report images and videos of child sexual abuse anonymously, and search themselves to identify then remove sites. Statistics are given as to the number of sites removed and their locations.

They include the sources used for determining their assessment and removal of content:

https://www.iwf.org.uk/what-we-do/how-we-assess-and-remove-content/case-laws

The site also covers legal guidelines on the law relating to the internet and assessing images: https://www.iwf.org.uk/what-we-do/how-we-assess-and-remove-content/laws-and-assessment-levels

Computer evidence

Advice is given on the website of Graham Dilloway, a computer expert witness.

The most useful pages might be:

Regarding definitions:

http://www.dilloway.co.uk/definition-of-indecent-image-offences.html

Issues around whether there is specific evidence of a deliberate act:

http://www.dilloway.co.uk/appeal-judgement-and-evidence.html

Misunderstanding by officers of what has been found:http://www.dilloway.co.uk/police-interviews.html